Tourism has become the bread and butter industry for many countries blessed with amazing beaches, oceans and mountains. Visitors from around the world enjoy the hot spots and indulge in numerous adventure sports.
Environmental impacts of tourism in the Caribbean Ecotourismnature tourismwildlife tourismand adventure tourism take place in environments such as rain forestshigh alpine, wildernesslakes and rivers, coastlines and marine environments, as well as rural villages and coastline resorts.
The positive impact of this can be an increased awareness of environmental stewardship. There are direct and indirect impacts, immediate and long-term impacts, and there are impacts that are both proximal and distal to the tourist destination. These impacts can be separated into three categories: Facility impacts[ edit ] Facility impacts occur when a regional area evolves from "exploration" to "involvement" and then into the "development" stage of the tourist area life cycle.
As the destination develops, more tourists seek out the experience. Their impacts increase accordingly. The requirement for water for washing, waste disposaland drinking increases. Rivers can be altered, excessively extracted, and polluted by the demands of tourists.
Noise pollution has the capacity to disturb wildlife and alter behavior, and light pollution can disrupt the feeding and reproductive behaviour of many creatures.
When power is supplied by diesel or gasoline generators there is additional noise and pollution. General waste and garbage are also a result of the facilities.
As more tourists arrive there is an increase in food and beverages consumed, which in turn creates waste plastic and non-biodegradable products. Tourist activities[ edit ] Turtle riding was a popular tourist activity in the s and s. These activities, such as hikingtrekkingkayakingbird watchingwildlife safarissurfingsnorkellingand scuba-diving all affect the local ecology.
Example of a Safari tour in Kenya There are a range of impacts from hiking, trekking, and camping that directly affect the activity area. The most obvious is the erosion and compaction of the trail itself.
The daily use of the trail by hikers the trail wears the trail down and compacts it. If there are any obstacles such as fallen trees or puddles of mud, then the trail becomes widened or informal trails are created to bypass the obstacle.
There are similar impacts on campgrounds such as soil compaction, erosion and composition, loss of vegetation and foliage, plus the additional issues of campfires for cooking and warmth. Informal trails are created around the campsite in order to collect firewood and water, and trees and saplings can be trampled, damaged, or cut-down for fuel.
The heat of campfires may damage tree-root systems. As with most recreation activities, including hiking and camping, there will be waste generated, food scraps, and human waste. This can cause human-wildlife interactions, such as the habituation of wildlife to human contact and unusual food sources.
This can have a detrimental effect on the wildlife and pose dangers for the human. Provision for deposit, collection, and removal of all waste will also have a direct impact on the local environment. Another activity that can have severe direct and indirect impacts on the environment is wildlife viewing.
This happens in a range of formats, on land and in the ocean. Wildlife safaris in African countries such as KenyaBotswanaand Tanzania have been popular for many years. Their focus are the big five game megafauna: As with every human-wildlife interaction, there is a change in the natural interaction of the species.
The mere presence of humans can increase the heart rate and stress hormones of even the largest animal. For example, baboons and hyenas have learnt to track tourist safari vehicles to lead them to cheetah kills, which they then steal.Positive impact of tourism: Foreign exchange: Tourists arriving in a country bring in valuable foreign exchange because they spend money on accommodation and nationwidesecretarial.com is a boon for the local economy providing employment to a large number of people as they offer services ranging from transportation to hotels.
Positive and negative effects of Tourism. Positive and negative impacts of tourism on the environment. Tourism has certainly grown manifold especially in the last decade or so; today tourism has morphed into Eco-tourism, safari/ jungle tourism and more of the same.
positive vs negative economic impacts of tourism development: a review of economic impact studies Conference Paper (PDF Available) · May with 69, Reads.
Due to the size, strength and impact of the tourism industry on local economies worldwide, the debate over the positive and negative effects of tourism is little more than a mental exercise. But to develop sustainable tourism policies, a thoughtful consideration of these effects is necessary.
Introduction. Travel and tourism is growing industry with large contribution to economy of the country. The Positive and Negative Impact on Travel and Tourism Sector Assignment will discuss the factors driving the changes in industry, the report will discuss the changes made by tourism to .
Due to the size, strength and impact of the tourism industry on local economies worldwide, the debate over the positive and negative effects of tourism is little more than a mental exercise.