Perennial Church Teaching on the Death Penalty The Catholic acceptance of the death penalty as a legitimate means of punishment for very severe crimes is perennial. The legitimacy of capital punishment is rooted in the Old Testament, of course, which hardly needs mention, for anyone who's read even a little bit of the Old Testament knows that death was a sentence justly inflicted for certain crimes, commanded by God Himself Genesis 9: As far as the New Testament is concerned, there, too, we find an endorsement of capital punishment:
History Anarchist Auguste Vaillant guillotined in France in Execution of criminals has been used by nearly all societies since the beginning of civilizations on Earth. The use of formal execution extends to the beginning of recorded history.
Most historical records and various primitive tribal practices indicate that the death penalty was a part of their justice system. Communal punishment for wrongdoing generally included compensation by the wrongdoer, corporal punishmentshunningbanishment and execution.
Usually, compensation and shunning were enough as a form of justice. A blood feud or vendetta occurs when arbitration between families or tribes fails or an arbitration system is non-existent.
This form of justice was common before the emergence of an arbitration system based on state or organized religion. It may result from crime, land disputes or a code of honour. In most countries that practise capital punishment, it is now reserved for murderterrorismwar crimesespionagetreasonor as part of military justice.
In some countries sexual crimes, such as rapefornicationadulteryincest and sodomycarry the death penalty, as do religious crimes such as Hudud and Qisas crimes, such as apostasy formal renunciation of the state religionblasphemymoharebehhirabahFasadMofsed-e-filarz and witchcraft.
In many countries that use the death penaltydrug trafficking is also a capital offence. In Chinahuman trafficking and serious cases of corruption and financial crimes are punished by the death penalty. In militaries around the world courts-martial have imposed death sentences for offences such as cowardicedesertioninsubordinationand mutiny.
Elaborations of tribal arbitration of feuds included peace settlements often done in a religious context and compensation system. Compensation was based on the principle of substitution which might include material for example, cattle, slave compensation, exchange of brides or grooms, or payment of the blood debt.
Settlement rules could allow for animal blood to replace human blood, or transfers of property or blood money or in some case an offer of a person for execution. The person offered for execution did not have to be an original perpetrator of the crime because the social system was based on tribes and clans, not individuals.
Blood feuds could be regulated at meetings, such as the Norsemen things. One of the more modern refinements of the blood feud is the duel. In certain parts of the world, nations in the form of ancient republics, monarchies or tribal oligarchies emerged.
These nations were often united by common linguistic, religious or family ties. Moreover, expansion of these nations often occurred by conquest of neighbouring tribes or nations.
Consequently, various classes of royalty, nobility, various commoners and slaves emerged. Accordingly, the systems of tribal arbitration were submerged into a more unified system of justice which formalized the relation between the different " social classes " rather than "tribes".
The Torah Jewish Lawalso known as the Pentateuch the first five books of the Christian Old Testamentlays down the death penalty for murder, kidnappingpracticing magicviolation of the Sabbathblasphemyand a wide range of sexual crimes, although evidence suggests that actual executions were rare.
The Romans also used death penalty for a wide range of offences.DEATH PENALTY ARGUMENTS. This Paper in Memoriam of Sean Burgado. My Precious Nephew - Murdered. June 7, to May 21, Ì DEATH PENALTY ARGUMENTS.
Capital punishment should not be able to be used due to these reasons: 1) There have been cases in the past where an innocent person has been executed when assumed guilty.
These people never committed those crimes and should not have been killed on an incorrect judgement. CMP Chapter 7 Capital Punishment. STUDY. PLAY. abolitionist view. 1. punish all criminals and 2.
punish only criminals-one way to take care of 1st goal is to lower standards of who gets punished but then innocent people would get punished too violating the 2nd argument.
Capital punishment is a way of punishing a convict by killing him or her because of the crime he or she committed. Capital punishment will always have its pros and cons.
There are opponents who absolutely disagree with capital punishment. Thus at Venice the College, even in the absence of the Doge, is called "Most Serene Prince." The Palatine of Posen, father of the King of Poland, Duke of Lorraine.
Clive Emsley, Tim Hitchcock and Robert Shoemaker, "Crime and Justice - Punishment Sentences at the Old Bailey", Old Bailey Proceedings Online (nationwidesecretarial.com, version , 13 November ).